Protocol Reference

This page contains a description for numerous protocols seen in diverse communication networks. See HowToEdit for some tips about adding a missing protocol.

Protocol Families

There are families of protocols, where the protocols relate to each other:

A protocol can belong to more than one family.


  • Frame: The frame protocol isn't a real protocol itself, but used by Wireshark as a base for all the protocols on top of it.

  • OsiModel: The famous ISO/OSI 7 layer protocol stack reference model, see the definition at

  • RFC: Request For Comments: Not a protocol itself, but the place where a lot of the internet protocol standards can be found.


  • ANSI: American National Standards Institute: Some protocol specifications like FDDI. The ANSI accredited standards developer for information technology standards, including protocol standards is the InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards, INCITS.

  • Bluetooth SIG: Bluetooth Special Interest Group: Organization leading the development and promotion of Bluetooth, provide specifications, organizing events, testing events.

  • CableLabs: Cable Television Laboratories: nonprofit research and development consortium founded by Cable MSOs, develops Cable-related standards, e.g. DOCSIS and PacketCable.

  • EPCglobal: Organization leading the development of industry-driven standards for the Electronic Product Code™ (EPC) to support the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID).

  • ETSI: European Telecommunications Standards Institute: Here you can find some protocol specifications.

  • IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority: Where you can find numbering used in different protocols, e.g. well known TCP ports, etc.

  • IEEE: Various standards, e.g. Ethernet, TokenRing, IEEE_802.11, …

  • IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force: Where you can find the RFC's and InternetDrafts

  • ISO: The International Organization for Standardization, e.g. famous OsiModel and IsoProtocolFamily

  • ITU-T: International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector (formerly CCITT): Specifies some of the protocols used in e.g. the VOIPProtocolFamily, as well as X.25, SS7, ASN.1, …

  • The OpenGroup: Specifies the DCE family, including DCE/RPC

  • Pro-MPEG Forum: Interests in realizing interoperability of professional television equipment. Specifies a 2dParityFEC for MPEG2-TS transmission.

  • W3C: World Wide Web Consortium: web standards like: HTTP, CSS, XML, …

  • 3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project: mobile telephony standards like GSM, GPRS, …

  • 3GPP2: 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 : mobile telephony standards like CDMA2000,…

Hardware related protocols

  • ARP: AddressResolutionProtocol: A protocol to dynamically discover the mapping between layer 2 and layer 3 addresses.

  • ATM: AsynchronousTransferMode:

  • Bluetooth: Popular wireless protocols for mobile phone accessories

  • Bluetooth Low Energy: Newer hardware, not compatible with old, but provide low power consumption

  • Ethernet: The most common link layer technology used today.

  • FDDI: FiberDistributedDataInterface: fiber optical based link layer, obsolete

  • FibreChannel: fibre optical based link layer, used to connect storage devices

  • FR: FrameRelay: LAN/WAN technology, obsolete

  • HSR: High-availability Seamless Redundancy: A protocol for network redundancy.

  • I2C: (sometimes IIC) bi-directional two wires bus used in most of embeded system to transfer data. this include IPMB protocol

  • IEEE_802.15.4: Low-power wireless networking protocol intended for sensor networks.

  • ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network (digital "telephone line")

  • MAC Addresses: Wireshark's list of Ethernet vendor codes and well-known MAC addresses

  • PRP: Parallel Redundancy Protocol: A protocol for network redundancy.

  • TR: TokenRing: LAN technology, obsolete

  • USB: Universal Serial Bus Related USB-PTP MTP

  • Wi-Fi: WLAN: IEEE_802.11: The standard technology for wireless LANs.

  • X.25: data packet delivery over serial lines, obsolete


  • 29West: Ultra-Low Latency Messaging (ULLM) technology.

  • ACN: ANSI BSR E1.17, Architecture for Control Networks.

  • AMQP: Advanced Message Queueing Protocol.

  • C12.22: ANSI C12.22, communications protocol used for electric utility meter networks.

  • Cisco-IPSLA: Cisco IP SLA v1

  • CIGI: Common Image Generator Interface Protocol

  • CMP: Certificate Management Protocol.

  • DECT: Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications. Popular cordless telephone interface.

  • DICOM: Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine.

  • DVB-S2: DVB-S2 Baseband Frames

  • DVB-CI: DVB-CI (Common Interface).

  • eCPRI: evolved Common Public Radio Interface

  • Elasticsearch: Elasticsearch Protocol

  • FastCGI: FastCGI is a protocol for interfacing application programs with a web server.

  • FP Hint: Frame Protocol Hints, provides hints for dissecting FP traffic transmitted over the UMTS Iub interface.

  • gRPC: gRPC is a high performance, open source framework developed by Google to handle remote procedure calls (RPCs).

  • HART-IP: Highway Addressable Remote Transducer over IP (HART-IP).

  • HDCP2: High bandwidth Digital Content Protection, Version 2 (HDCP2).

  • HiQnet: Harman Pro Devices Protocol

  • HiSLIP: High-Speed LAN Instrument Protocol

  • HYTEC: Organizational specific protocols and protocol extensions.

  • Gearman: Gearman provides a generic application framework to farm out work to other machines or processes that are better suited to do the work.

  • ISMACryp: Short for ISMA Encryption & Authentication.

  • IEEE C37.118: Synchrophasors for Power Systems

  • Kafka: Kafka Protocol

  • kNet: A network protocol for transmitting arbitrary application-specific messages between network hosts.

  • LDAP: The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol: The protocol accessing data from directory services like OpenLDAP, Microsoft Active Directory, Netscape Directory Server or Novell eDirectory.

  • LLRP: EPCglobal Low-Level Reader Protocol for communication between RFID Readers and Client Applications.

  • META: TLV-based protocol for adding metadata to frames.

  • MS-LLTD: Link Layer Topology Discovery (LLTD) Protocol.

  • Netsync: The Monotone version control systems Netsync protocol.

  • OMRON-FINS: SCADA protocol called FINS made by OMRON for controlling industrial devices.

  • OpenFlow: Software Defined Networking southbound protocol

  • OpenVPN: OpenVPN Protocol provides the SSL/TLS connection with a reliable transport layer.

  • Oracle: Oracle has (apparently) several related protocols for sending SQL over the wire

  • PCP: Performance Co-Pilot protocol (a performance monitoring protocol)

  • PPI: Per-Packet Information (PPI) header

  • Protobuf: Google Protocol Buffers are a language-neutral, platform-neutral extensible mechanism for serializing structured data.

  • SAMETIME: The Sametime Protocol (an instant message protocol)

  • SIMULCRYPT: A DVB / ETSI protocol used in IPTV / broadcast TV head-ends to handle multiple key management systems.

  • SML: A communication protocol for smart metering.

  • Snort: Snort IDS post-dissector

  • SSTP: Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol, a ssl based VPN protocol

  • STANAG_5066_SIS: Subnetwork Interface Sublayer of NATO STANAG 5066 data communication protocol for HF stack.

  • STANAG_5066_DTS: Data Transfer Sublayer of NATO STANAG 5066 protocol stack.

  • TeamSpeak2: The TeamSpeak2 VoIP protocol.

  • Thrift: Apache Thrift is a lightweight, language-independent software stack for point-to-point RPC implementations.

  • Tinkerforge: Tinkerforge Protocol.

  • Tor: The Tor Protocol.

  • UCP: Universal Computer Protocol.

  • UDT: UDP-based Data Transfer.

  • UserLog:user log flow

  • Ventrilo: The well-known VoIP program Ventrilo's own protocol.

  • VXI-11: The VXIbus Consortium's TCP/IP Instrument Protocol.

  • WOL: WakeOnLAN protocol for remotely waking a remote host via the so-called Magic Packet.

External links


Imported from on 2020-08-11 23:18:26 UTC