RFC (Request for Comments)

The Request For Comments (RFC) are a collection of documents about various topics of the Internet, containing protocol specifications and alike.

It is important to understand that not all RFC documents are protocol specifications (RFC 1796 - "Not All RFCs are Standards")

The main categories are: Informational, Proposed Standard, Draft Standard, Standard, Experimental, Best Current Practice and For Your Information. RFC documents may also extend or update a given other RFC document, or make it obsolete. There are even April 1st jokes, which can easily be recognized by the date of publication and the often odd title and abstract.

You will find all RFC documents at the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) RFC repository. An useful address is The RFC Editor where you can search for specific keywords in order to find relevant RFC documents (and even Internet Drafts, which are drafted potential RFC documents).

RFC's are typically referenced by their number, so you might see something like "the TCP RFC 793" or only "RFC 793" in a document.

Assigned numbers

Various official assignments of protocol numbers and other properties can be found at the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)'s Protocol Numbers and Assignment Services page. This information used to be maintained in the Assigned Numbers RFC. but the last of those was RFC 1700, which is now outdated (RFC 3232).

RFC 1166 has an out-of-date list of IP address ranges. To find out to whom an IP address belongs, you can use various "WHOIS" services:

Famous RFC examples

The following will list some famous RFC's related to the common InternetProtocolFamily:

You will find more RFC references at the specific protocol pages.

Imported from https://wiki.wireshark.org/RFC on 2020-08-11 23:23:56 UTC