EtherCAT

EtherCAT is an open, high performance Ethernet-based fieldbus system. The development goal of EtherCAT was to apply Ethernet to automation applications which require short data update times (also called cycle times) with low communication jitter (for synchronization purposes) and low hardware costs. The EtherCAT protocol is optimised for process data and is transported directly within the standard IEEE 802.3 Ethernet frame using Ethertype 0x88a4. It may consist of several sub-datagrams, each serving a particular memory area of the logical process images that can be up to 4 gigabytes in size. The data sequence is independent of the physical order of the nodes in the network; addressing can be in any order. Broadcast, multicast and communication between slaves are possible. If IP routing is required, the EtherCAT protocol can be inserted into UDP/IP or TCP/IP datagrams. This also enables any control with Ethernet protocol stack to address EtherCAT systems.

History

Protocol dependencies

  • Ethernet: EtherCAT can use Ethernet as its transport mechanism. The assigned Ethernet type for EtherCAT traffic is 0x88A4.

  • UDP: EtherCAT protocol can be transported in UDP datagrams. The assigned UDP port for EtherCAT is 0x88a4.

Example traffic

Frame 1 (128 bytes on wire, 128 bytes captured)
Ethernet II, Src: MS-NLB-PhysServer-14_a6:c9:01:8e (02:0e:a6:c9:01:8e), Dst: Broadcast (ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff)
EtherCAT frame header
    .... .000 0111 0000 = Length: 0x0070
    .... 0... .... .... = Reserved: Valid (0x0000)
    0001 .... .... .... = Type: EtherCAT command (0x0001)
EtherCAT datagram(s): 'LRW': Len: 100, Adp 0x0, Ado 0x1, Wc 2
    EtherCAT datagram: Cmd: 'LRW' (12), Len: 100, Addr 0x10000, Cnt 2
        Header
            Command    : Logical memory read write (0x0c)
            Index      : 0x39
            Log Addr   : 0x00010000
            Length     : 100 (0x64) - No Roundtrip - Last Sub Command
                .... .000 0110 0100 = Length: 100
                ..00 0... .... .... = Reserved: Valid (0)
                .0.. .... .... .... = Round trip: Frame is not circulating (0)
                0... .... .... .... = Last indicator: Last EtherCAT datagram (0)
            Interrupt  : 0x0000
        Data      : 000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000...
        Working Cnt: 2

Wireshark

Preference Settings

There are no EtherCAT specific preference settings. Allowing sub dissectors to handle data based on heuristic analysis is always enabled and cannot be turned off.

Sub dissectors

Dissectors that are interested in dissecting the EtherCAT datagram portion of the EtherCAT frame (there may be multiple EtherCAT datagrams in each frame), may do so using heuristic analysis by registering themselves using the function heur_dissector_add("ecat.data", …).

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Example capture file

Capture of startup sequence for some Beckhoff devices.

* SampleCaptures/ethercat.cap.gz

Display Filter

A complete list of IP display filter fields can be found in the display filter reference

Show only the EtherCAT based traffic:

 ecat

Filter on a specific address offset (ado):

 ecat.ado == 0x130

Filter on a specific slave by its position or fixed EtherCAT address (adp):

 ecat.adp == 0x3e9

Filter on a specific cmd (here APRD):

 ecat.cmd == 0x1

Filter on a specific field of a sub command :

 ecat.sub1.idx < 0x80

Show only the EtherCAT mailbox traffic:

 ecat_mailbox

Capture Filter

Capture Ethercat-over-Ethernet traffic only:

 ether proto 0x88a4 

Capture Ethercat-over-UDP traffic only:

 udp port 0x88a4 

External links

More information about EtherCAT can be found on the website of the EtherCAT Technology Group: http://www.ethercat.org/

SOEM (Simple Open EtherCAT Master) can be found at http://openethercatsociety.github.io/

IgH EtherCAT Master for Linux can be found at http://www.etherlab.org/en/ethercat/index.php

Discussion

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Imported from https://wiki.wireshark.org/Protocols/ethercat on 2020-08-11 23:19:43 UTC